Speaking of foam on beverages doing some spectacular science-y stuff — and not to be undone by beer — it looks like coffee-infused foam can remove lead and mercury from water. How? Stand back, science is happening and it's remarkable.
Coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the United States, which makes for a perky population but also creates a lot of used grounds. Scientists now report in the journal ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering an innovative way to reduce this waste and help address another serious environmental problem. They have incorporated spent coffee grounds in a foam filter that can remove harmful lead and mercury from water.
Restaurants, the beverage industry and people in their homes produce millions of tons of used coffee grounds every year worldwide, according to researcher Despina Fragouli. While much of the used grounds go to landfills, some of them are applied as fertilizer, used as a biodiesel source or mixed into animal feed.
Scientists are also studying it as a possible material for water remediation. Experiments so far have shown that powder made from spent coffee grounds can rid water of heavy metal ions, which can cause health problems. But an additional step is needed to separate the powder from the purified water. Fragouli and colleagues wanted to simplify this process.
The researchers fixed spent coffee powder in a bioelastomeric foam, which acted as a filter. In still water, the foam removed up to 99% of lead and mercury ions from water during a 30-hour period. In a more practical test in which lead-contaminated water flowed through the foam, it scrubbed the water of up to 67% of the lead ions. Because the coffee is immobilized, it is easy to handle and discard after use without any additional steps, the researchers say.
Now that's putting our garbage to good use.